TUCSON, Ariz. — A group of conservation organizations has filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service over its policies on Mexican gray wolves.
The Western Environmental Law Center filed the suit in Tucson this week on behalf of the New Mexico Wilderness Alliance and Friends of Animals.
The groups claim the federal government isn’t doing enough to protect Mexican wolves, an endangered species. They take issue with a final rule issued in January that caps the Mexican gray wolf population at 300 to 325 wolves, prevents wolves from colonizing in certain areas and allows more killing of the wolves by federal agents and private landowners.
A survey released in February showed 109 wolves in Arizona and New Mexico, more than at any time since a reintroduction program began in 1998.
Lawsuit filed against U.S. over protections for rare wolf
A coalition of environmental groups filed a lawsuit on Thursday against U.S. wildlife officials arguing that the government’s management plan for the endangered Mexican gray wolf, one of the most imperiled mammals in North America, does not go far enough.
The Western Environmental Law Center filed the suit on behalf of several organizations in a federal Arizona court, alleging the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s plans for the wolves violate the Endangered Species Act and other laws.
At issue is a final rule published in January that, while allowing more territory for the wolves to roam, also capped their population and provided more leeway to state wildlife agencies and others to kill the wolves to protect livestock as well as deer and elk herds prized by hunters.
“Unfortunately, politics supplants wildlife biology in key parts of the USFWS Mexican gray wolf plan,” attorney John Mellgren of the Western Environmental Law Center said in a statement. “Our goal in this case is to put the science back into the management of Mexican wolves in the U.S.”
The Fish and Wildlife Service declined to comment on the litigation.
The agency ruled that 300 to 325 Mexican wolves would be needed in the U.S. Southwest for the animals to be considered recovered and stripped of protections under the federal Endangered Species Act.
Conservationists counter that the revisions were still insufficient to guarantee a strong comeback and said a minimum of 750 were needed for the animal’s long-term survival.
The number of imperiled wolves found only in the American Southwest climbed to 109 in 2014, marking the fourth consecutive year that the population of Mexican gray wolves has risen by at least 10 percent.
But Bethany Cotton, the wildlife program director for WildEarth Guardians who is among the plaintiffs in the case, said the increase was “not nearly fast enough.”
Wild Mexican wolves were believed to be all but extinct in the United States in 1998 when the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service began reintroducing the animal to its native range.
In Mexico, the animals are believed to have been extinct in the wild since the 1980s. In 2014, wildlife managers there announced the first litter of wolf pups to be born in the wild since then, local media said, following reintroduction programs.
(Reporting by Curtis Skinner in San Francisco; Additional reporting by Laura Zuckerman in Salmon, Idaho; Editing by Sandra Maler)